Versus Arthritis Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis
University of Nottingham
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Glossary / Word Index

 

ACSM

American College of Sports Medicine www.acsm.org

Arthritis

A disease causing painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints

BASEM

British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine www.basem.co.uk

Biomechanical

The action of external and internal forces on the body or the study of movement

BJSM

British Journal of Sports Medicine www.bjsm.bmj.com

BMJ

The BMJ (formerly British Medical Journal) www.bmj.com/thebmj

BOA

British Orthopaedic Association www.boa.ac.uk

Collaborator

A person or organisation who is working alongside the Centre's researchers

Dissemination

Spreading the results of a research project to a wide range of people who might find it useful

Epidemiology

The study of how often diseases occur in different groups of people and why

ESCEO

European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis www.esceo.org

EULAR

The European League Against Rheumatism www.eular.org

Evidence

Facts or information which indicate that something is true or valid

FSEM

Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine www.fsem.co.uk

INVOLVE

INVOLVE supports active public involvement in NHS, public health and social care research. 

Their role is to bring together expertise, insight and experience in the field of public involvement in research, to advance it as an essential part of the process by which research is identified, prioritised, designed, conducted and disseminated

IPD Meta-analysis

Cochrane Methods

IPD meta-analysis is a specific type of systematic review. Rather than extracting summary (aggregate) data from study publications or from investigators, the original research data are sought directly from the researchers responsible for each study. These data can then be re-analysed centrally and combined, if appropriate, in meta-analyses

MHRA

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency www.mhra.gov.uk

Movement 

dysfunction

Abnormalities of movement and posture that could affect function / performance and possibly lead to pain and/or injury. Correction of movement and/or posture might help to prevent musculoskeletal damage

NCSEM

National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine www.lboro.ac.uk/microsites/research/ncsem-em

NIHR

National Institute for Health Research www.nihr.ac.uk

OARSI

Osteoarthritis Research Society International www.oarsi.org

Orthopaedics

The branch of medicine dealing with the correction of deformities of bones or muscles

Osteoarthritis

A condition that affects the joints. It is the most common type of arthritis in the UK. The symptoms of osteoarthritis can vary greatly and can lead to pain, stiffness and difficulty doing certain activities.

Patient and Public Engagement (PPE)

Where information and knowledge about research is provided and disseminated

Patient and Public Involvement (PPI)

INVOLVE defines public involvement in research as research being carried out ‘with’ or ‘by’ members of the public rather than ‘to’, ‘about’ or ‘for’ them.

Patient and Public Participation (PPP)

Where people take part in a research study

Physiotherapy

Helping people affected by injury, illness or disability through movement and exercise, manual therapy, education and advice 

Podiatry

The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the human foot

Research

The term research means different things to different people, but is essentially about finding out new knowledge that could lead to changes to treatments, policies or care

Researcher

A person who carries out research. They may do research for a living and be based in a university, hospital or other institution, and/or they may be a service user or carer

Research grant

Awards given to enable researchers to carry out a particular piece of research. They might add up to millions of pounds for a major study or a few hundred pounds for a local study

Rheumatology

The study of rheumatism, arthritis, and other disorders of the joints, muscles, and ligaments

Sports Ambassador

A sportsperson who has given approval to, and has agreed to be a representative of, the Centre

Symptomatic

A condition that shows or involves a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient

Translate / translation

Moving research into regular practice for patient benefit.