Versus Arthritis Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis
University of Nottingham

Glossary / Word Index



American College of Sports Medicine


A disease causing painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints


British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine


The action of external and internal forces on the body or the study of movement


British Journal of Sports Medicine


The BMJ (formerly British Medical Journal)


British Orthopaedic Association


A person or organisation who is working alongside the Centre's researchers


Spreading the results of a research project to a wide range of people who might find it useful


The study of how often diseases occur in different groups of people and why


European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis


The European League Against Rheumatism


Facts or information which indicate that something is true or valid


Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine


INVOLVE supports active public involvement in NHS, public health and social care research. 

Their role is to bring together expertise, insight and experience in the field of public involvement in research, to advance it as an essential part of the process by which research is identified, prioritised, designed, conducted and disseminated

IPD Meta-analysis

Cochrane Methods

IPD meta-analysis is a specific type of systematic review. Rather than extracting summary (aggregate) data from study publications or from investigators, the original research data are sought directly from the researchers responsible for each study. These data can then be re-analysed centrally and combined, if appropriate, in meta-analyses


Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency



Abnormalities of movement and posture that could affect function / performance and possibly lead to pain and/or injury. Correction of movement and/or posture might help to prevent musculoskeletal damage


National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine


National Institute for Health Research


Osteoarthritis Research Society International


The branch of medicine dealing with the correction of deformities of bones or muscles

Osteoarthritis (OA)

A condition that affects the joints. It is the most common type of arthritis in the UK. The symptoms of osteoarthritis can vary greatly and can lead to pain, stiffness and difficulty doing certain activities.

Patient and Public Engagement (PPE)

Where information and knowledge about research is provided and disseminated

Patient and Public Involvement (PPI)

INVOLVE defines public involvement in research as research being carried out ‘with’ or ‘by’ members of the public rather than ‘to’, ‘about’ or ‘for’ them.

Patient and Public Participation (PPP)

Where people take part in a research study


Helping people affected by injury, illness or disability through movement and exercise, manual therapy, education and advice 


The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the human foot


The term research means different things to different people, but is essentially about finding out new knowledge that could lead to changes to treatments, policies or care


A person who carries out research. They may do research for a living and be based in a university, hospital or other institution, and/or they may be a service user or carer

Research grant

Awards given to enable researchers to carry out a particular piece of research. They might add up to millions of pounds for a major study or a few hundred pounds for a local study


The study of rheumatism, arthritis, and other disorders of the joints, muscles, and ligaments

Sports Ambassador

A sportsperson who has given approval to, and has agreed to be a representative of, the Centre


A condition that shows or involves a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient

Translate / translation

Moving research into regular practice for patient benefit.